MBA and B.tech class notes

Friday, 4 January 2013

Levels of Management


B.tech and MBA Class Notes



Level of Management

Management has various activities in an organization. These activities are controlled by different people at different level. The term “level” of management refers to a lines of demarcation between various managerial position is an organization.The levels of management can be classified in these broad categories.-

Top level: 

Top management also called administrative level management. It is a central management. Top management of a company is constituted by its board of directors and the chief executive.

Functions:
  • Top management formulates objectives and establishes goals and policies of company.
  • It determines the basic pattern of the organization structure.
  • It prepares strategic plans and policies for organization.
  • It prepares overall budgets and programs for short terms and long terms operations.
  • It is responsible for the success or failure of the organization.
  • It is responsible for maintain public relations with the outside world.
  • It provides guidance and direction to all department of organization.

Middle Level:

In large organization is bifurcated into two parts upper middle or intermediate management.
Middle management is constituted by branch managers, departmental and sectional managers.

Function:
  • They receive orders from top level management. and develops derivative objectives and policies.
  • They are responsible for co-coordinating the activities within the branch and department.
  • They interpret policies and direction from top level management to lower level.
  • They motivate the day to day function of the management.
  • They affect co-ordination between top management and supervisory management.
  •  They linked the top level management to lower level management.
  • They send progress report of their work to top level management.

Lower level:

Lower level is also known as supervisory or operative level. It is constituted by superintendents, foreman and inspectors.

Function:
  • They guide and direct the worker for daily activities.
  • They arrange material required by the workers.
  • They are responsible for the performance of workers.
  • They supervise and guide the sub-ordinates.
  • They ensure the quality of work completed in a given time.
  • They are planning and completing day to day work.
  • They direct contact with the workers.



Notes- this post shared here are base on my study in case you find anything wrong and missing points than please bring it to my notice.




Evolution Of management
Taylor's contribution
Classical theory
Max Weber-1900
Bureaucracy Management
Henri Fayol




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