Friday, 20 July 2012
scientific management ( Taylor's contribution)
(Contribution of F.W. Taylor)
Frederick Winslow Taylor was first person who gave Scientific Management in 1911. He also called the father of scientific management. Scientific Management was concerned to improving the operational efficiency at the shop-floor level.
According to Taylor, “scientific management means knowing exactly what you want men to do and seeing that they do it in the best and cheapest way.”
Scientific management is based on the analysis, planning and control functions. And job accomplished by analyzing, and works can selected and trained scientifically. In this, management role is to determine the kind of work for which an employee suited and hire and assign workers accordingly. Management is not responsible for execution of work but they are responsible for how the work is done. Co-operation between management and workers can enhance the work and achieve the maximum output.
Taylor called it as “Mental Revolution”, because it creates the mutual understanding, trust and confidence between the management and workers for achieving goal (higher production).
Principles of scientific Management
Under scientific management, Taylor developed the following parameters for organization.
Ø Scientific work study
Ø Task planning
Ø Tools and materials
Ø Selection and Training
Ø Worker management interrelationships
Ø Differential piece wage system
Objective of Scientific Management
Ø Scientific utilization of various resources like human power, material etc.
Ø To provide trained and efficient work force.
Ø To provide standardize methods of work.
Ø To provide a scientific base for selecting material, and equipment.
Ø To provide extra wages to the worker for higher production.
Ø Replace old rule of thumbs to new scientific methods.
Ø To develop a good rapport between management and workers.
Ø To achieve higher production, with reduce costs and maximum efficiency.
Ø Less wastage.
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Sri Ram Sharma Aacharya(Shanti Kunj, Haridwar)
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